The Pyramids have fascinated mankind since time immemorial. For some reason, cultures around the globe decided to build these majestic structures thousands of years ago.
There are pyramids in Africa, Europe, Asia, and the Americas.
Wherever we look, pyramids are present. But the Pyramids at Giza, in Egypt, are perhaps the most mysterious of them all. Not because they are the most famous of all pyramids, but because so little is known about them.
The Great Pyramid of Giza, thought to have been built as a tomb for Pharaoh Khufu is the most famous of all pyramids, and is curiously the pyramid we know least about.
Though to have been constructed around 4,500 years ago, researchers today still struggle to understand how the structure was built, and what its true purpose was.
What we do know
We know that the pyramid is old. Really old.
We know that there are no markings inside it, and that’s rare for an ancient Egyptian tomb.
We also know that it was a behemoth of an engineering project and that a massive labor force was required to finish such a monument.
We also know that the builders of the pyramid were not slaves, but paid workers.
The stones that were used for its construction were hauled from great distances, most likely across the river Nile, and to the plateau. How the stones were then mounted to form the pyramid remains an enigma.
The Great Pyramid was covered in the distant past by highly polished limestone that made the pyramid reflect the sunlight.
We also know that never has a mummy been found inside the pyramid
But what many of us were practically unaware of is that the pyramid’s builders also implemented a defense mechanism inside it.
A primitive defense mechanism
This ‘primitive’ mechanism was described a few years back by Egyptologist Mark Lehner in a tv Series called Unearthed by the Science Channel.
Lehner explained that a series of grooves found jut outside Pharaoh Khufu’s burial chamber inside the pyramid acted as a defense mechanism.
According to Lehner and other Egyptologists, the builders of the pyramid implemented a defense system consisting of thick granite blocks that were used to block access to the chamber.
Furthermore, researchers have claimed that these grooves and protrusions are not a decorative characteristic of the pyramid, but part of a primitive machine built to protect the burial chamber.
These groves within the pyramid were used in ancient times to direct the slabs of granite towards the entrance, as well as to keep them in a vertical position. A secondary block of even thicker stones was used to slide down the passageway, hence completely blocking the entrance from possible intruders.
But despite the defense mechanism, experts have suggested that Khufu’s tomb was already robbed and sacked in ancient times, probably during the collapse of the Old Kingdom.
What was left from the burial is just a massive red granite sarcophagus, although there are those who believe that the true tomb remains somewhere hidden deep inside the pyramid, and we have not been able to find it.