10 Things You Should Know About Ancient Egyptian Architecture

The structures of the predynastic period were made of mudbricks. The said mudbricks were dried in the sun and then stacked together to form structures.  

The colossal structures of ancient Egypt are quite popular as none have been able to replicate them as of yet. For example, the pyramids of Giza are accurately cut and positioned. The structures built by ancient Egyptians tell an exquisite tale of power. Most of the pharaohs that ruled the country endeavoured to make their economy better and bigger. They worked hard and did not let anyone invade the borders. 

Djoser's pyramid
Djoser’s pyramid. Source: Petri Pixel / Shutterstock

The pyramids, in general, are considered the insignia of ancient Egypt. Other civilizations such as Maya also attempted to construct similar structures. However, they could not match the level of finesse that Egyptians had.  

Here are ten things you should know about the structures of ancient Egypt:

1) It is believed that Egyptians, in general, spent thousands of years to gather sufficient knowledge about architecture. 

2) The first building to exist on earth is known as Djoser’s pyramid. Egyptians used to construct mastaba tombs before that period. However, King Djoser‘s vizier came up with an idea of forming pyramids. The succeeding pharaohs revised and improved the existing idea and built various structures in their respective periods. 

3) The pyramids of Giza were constructed in c. 2613 – 2181 BCE. The succeeding pharaohs abandoned the idea of forming pyramids and focused their attention on temples. Many of these ruins are still intact, such as the temple complex of Amun Ra at Karnak. The said structures still draw attention mainly because they were conceptualised, designed, and built to tell an unending tale.

4) In the Predynastic Period, pictures of the gods and goddesses appear in various structures and ceramics. The people of the predynastic period did not have sufficient skills to raise massive structures solely devoted to the deities. 

5) The structures of the predynastic period were made of mudbricks. The said mudbricks were dried in the sun and then stacked together to form structures.  

6) In the old kingdom of Egypt, monarchs used to sponsor the architectural work as it portrayed their royal status. However, things changed in the middle kingdom, priests and viziers took control of the construction and built according to their wills. 

7) Homes and tombs were made with mudbricks in the middle kingdom, but they started incorporating limestones in their structures. Most of the temples were made of stones. Experts have no idea how they managed to transport the blocks from one place to another.

8) Monarchs like Amenemhat III of the 12th Dynasty made wonderful contributions to Egyptian art and architecture. Moreover, their procedures were continued by the pharaohs of the 13th Dynasty of Egypt. Things collapsed in the 13th dynasty, though. 

9) The artefacts of the predynastic period lacked finesse. However, things changed and developed in the middle kingdom. 

10) The rulers or monarchs of the new dynasty built on a massive scale. They elevated Egypt’s status and made it stronger in terms of power and culture. 

Let’s summarise what we learned:

Egypt, in general, had powerful monarchs. They constructed massive structures and monuments for the forthcoming generations. 

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