10 Things You Should Know About Ancient Egypt’s Ramesseum

The people of the olden days used to form structures with the help of mudbricks. However, The Ramesseum is the first known example where ancient Egyptian architects used stone pylons.

The mortuary complexes or burial chambers of the olden days used to be massive. There are uncountable temples in Egypt, and most of them belong to various different deities and pharaohs. However, the mortuary temple of Ramesses the Great remains my absolute favorite. Only half of its structure is intact, but it still catches the eyes of all those who visit it.

Ramses II
Pharaoh Ramses II of Egypt in Abu Simbel. Source: Wikimedia Commons

The Ramesseum is an ancient funerary temple specifically constructed for the third king of the 19th dynasty of Egypt, Ramesses II. Ramses II and his wife, Nefertari, were widely regarded and admired during his era. During his rule as pharaoh, Ramses II led the Egyptian army against multiple opponents. Moreover, his mortuary temple, the Ramesseum, is also devoted to god Amon, a significant ancient deity.

The following are ten significant points regarding the mortuary temple of Ramses II:

1) The Ramesseum is a massive funerary temple of Ramses II or Ramses the Great.

2) The Ramesseum is located in Theban necropolis, a common area for mortuary temples for Pharaohs.

3) The temple was constructed to serve the king’s mortuary cult after his death.

4) The mortuary temple of Ramses II is dedicated to Amun, the king of Egypt’s gods.

5) The Ramesseum is famous for its now ruined majestic statue of Ramesses II.

6) The Ramesseum has a wide variety of engravings that tell a tale of Ramses and his life.

7) It also has various engravings of Egyptian gods including Amun, Ra and Khonsu, and the famous Battle of Kadesh.

8) The people of the olden days used to form structures with the help of mudbricks. However, Ramesseum is the first known example where ancient Egyptian architects used stone pylons.

9) According to various ancient texts, Ramses’ most experienced architects, Amenemone and Penre, were responsible for planning the construction of the Ramesseum. It took more than 20 years to construct the temple.

10) The temple is full of engravings that depict Ramses’ victory in the battle of Kadesh.

Let’s summarise what we learned:

The people of ancient Egypt loved Ramses II and his reign. His mortuary temple, Ramesseum, is one of the finest structures of Egypt. Moreover, the walls of the temple tell an extensive tale of his victories and life in general; it also tells a great deal about his riches.

Most of the surviving ancient records suggest that work on the project began shortly after the start of his reign and continued for over 20 years. Moreover, Ramses II constructed various unique structures during his reign. 

All in all, Ramesseum is nothing but a masterpiece. One should definitely visit it as it is extremely breathtaking. 

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