According to the archaeologists, Mohenjo Daro was constructed in the 26th century BCE. It is considered as one of the oldest established cities of the world. The people residing in Mohenjo Daro were remarkably advanced even though they were ancient.
The city itself was abandoned back in 1500 BCE as the Indus Valley civilization had collapsed. The lost city of Harappa, Mohenjo Daro, became an enchanting tale for the people residing in Sindh, Pakistan. People weaved various myths around it; the tales, in general, are still a significant part of the Sindhi culture. The citizens of Sindh believe that there were once creatures that are now extinct and Harappans encountered them while they were alive.
The exact location of the city was lost but was later found in the 1920s. Multiple excavations were done, and the archaeologists and experts ultimately stumbled upon various discoveries that were ancient but looked contemporary.
The site was in perfect condition back when it was discovered, but the negligence of the local government has ruined quite a lot of parts of it. The walls of the city, which were once intact, are about to fall.
Following are some fascinating facts about the ruined city of Harappa:
1) The people of Mohenjo Daro used to communicate in a language that has not been deciphered as yet. The language of Mohenjo Daro consists of pictures and signs that are still a mystery for modern-day scientists and language experts.
2) They built the city around the river so they could commute with ease.
3) They manufactured toys, pots, and glasses; all of the aforementioned items are present in one of the museums near Mohenjo Daro.
4) The citizens of Mohenjo Daro were particularly concerned about cleanliness. Hence, they built the ‘great bath’ to take care of their needs. According to the experts, the ancient people of Harappa had a perfect sense of well-being, and the great bath was used for purification purposes.
5) The women of Mohenjo Daro used to don beautiful ornaments. They are surprisingly similar to what we wear in this day and age. The jewellery items are mainly for the hands and neck. It tells us that the women of ancient times used to wear accessories to enhance their appearances.
6) A German archaeologist, Michael Jansen, suggests that the ruined city of Harappa was home to 700 or more wells. At least one well was allotted to 3 houses or families. The ruins are currently surrounded by a desert, but the presence of ‘wells’ signifies that there was once plenty of water. The water was sensibly divided between families to prevent all sorts of conflicts.
7) Certain experts believe that unicorns were present in ancient times. One of the tablets exhibits a bull-like creature with one horn.
8) The citizens of Mohenjo Daro were experts at shell carving as well as making things out of metals. The ‘dancing girl’ of Mohenjo Daro is made up of copper and is quite popular amid the experts and archaeologists. It tells us that the ancient people used to indulge in entertainment.