According to various experts and egyptologists, pharaohs and monarchs were identified by their crowns. It was mandatory for them to wear one.
It is widely believed that the crowns or headdresses of the pharaohs were placed inside their burial chambers. However, no such crowns have been discovered as yet.
Not all graves were plundered before archaeologists discovered them, and this reinforces the idea that the crowns or headdresses were only used in depictions, engravings, and statues to identify a significant period in the life of a pharaoh.
Following are nine interesting facts you probably didn’t know about the ancient Egyptian crowns:
1) Headdresses or crowns were used in Ancient Egypt to give power or to distinguish deities, rulers, and priests.
2) The archaeologists and experts have discovered five different crowns so far. Each crown depicted special rights and powers. For example, the biggest or the most powerful crown was known as the ‘Nemes headdress.’
3) King Tut can be seen donning the ‘Nemes Headdress’ in multiple engravings and paintings of his tomb. Moreover, his gold death mask gives us a clear idea of how it looked in real life.
4) The Nemes headdress isn’t a real crown but a cloth that covered a gold crown. Two parts of the headdress cloth hung downwards alongside the ears, and on the backside, the cloth was tied together in a braid decorated with rings. The mythical Uraeus cobra, worn by gods and kings, was often combined with this headdress. It symbolized power and authority.
5) The red crown or ‘Deshret’ was worn by the kings of Lower Egypt. Multiple egyptologists have spotted various deities wearing the Red crown. The red crown portrayed the individuals as the divine rulers of Lower Egypt. Wadjet, the cobra goddess, is oftentimes shown on the forehead of the kings. She was considered a protector of Egypt. Hence, multiple pharaohs used to incorporate her insignia in their headpieces or crowns.
6) The white crown or ‘Hedjet’ was worn by the rulers of Upper Egypt. Nekhbet, the vulture goddess, is shown on the forehead of kings. Nekhbet is also depicted as the protector of Upper Egypt.
7) The ‘Double Crown’ or ‘Pschent’ is a combination of Deshret and Hedjet crowns expressing the union of Lower and Upper Egypt under a single ruler. Kings wore this crown to show their control over all Egypt.
8) The ‘Blue Crown’ or ‘Khepresh‘ was worn by pharaohs and monarchs during wars. Pharaohs have been spotted wearing this particular crown in multiple battles. During the 18th Dynasty of Egypt, various pharaohs chose the ‘Khepresh’ as their main crown. It can be seen on the statues of Amenhotep III, Akhenaten, and Tutankhamun.
9) No physical crowns have been found as of yet. However, experts have a clear idea of what the aforementioned crowns looked like as they are shown on the walls of various burial chambers.
Experts are still trying to find more clues about the lost crowns of