Construction works in 2018 revealed an archeological site in Arica, Chile.
Now, experts studying the site have come across a strangely elongated skull, beleived to date back around 1,000 years.
The mysterious skull is eerily similar to other skulls that have been discovered thousands of kilometers to the north in Paracas, Peru.
According to the information provided by newspaper El Mercurio, the skull was revealed in an archaeological site located on the island El Alacran.
This area was detected last October when other lithic remains were discovered by experts.
The date of the skull has still not been confirmed, but experts argue it dates back around 1,000 years, thanks to other artifacts that were recovered alongside it.
The elongated skull, currently housed at the Council of National Monuments of Chile will undergo further studies to accurately determine its age and origin.
The Paracas skulls, discovered in Paracas Peru are perhaps the most famous specimens of elongated skulls discovered in South America.
While many people have connected the strange shape of elongated skulls to supernatural powers and even aliens, the truth is that for thousands of years, ancient humans practiced artificial skull elongation.
Evidence of the practices can be found nearly all over the planet, from Western Europe and the Americas to the Far East and Africa.
The practice of cranial deformation is also thought to have been used by the Lucayan people of the Bahamas, and it was also known among the Aboriginal Australians.
While experts are still not sure why the ancients would deliberately alter their child skull, some have suggested it has something to do with the class they belonged to. In other words, elongated skulls were meant to convey a message that a certain person belonged to the elite.
Artificial cranial deformation, older than history
The idea that elongated skulls are either part of a lost human species, aliens, or something entirely different has made the subject so popular in recent years.
However, elongated skulls aren’t something new, and head binding, the process through which ancient cultures would achieve artificial skull elongation, has been present since before written history.
Intentional cranial deformation was practiced commonly in various different cultures that are widely separated geographically and chronologically, and still occurs today in a few places, including Vanuatu.
The earliest suggested examples were once thought to include the Proto-Neolithic Homo sapiens component (ninth millennium BC) from Shanidar Cave in Iraq, and Neolithic peoples in Southwest Asia.
The oldest written evidence we have from artificially elongated skulls can be traced back to Hippocrates to around 400 BC, and his writings about the Macrocephali or Long-heads, who were named for their practice of cranial modification.