Archaeologists Find Ancient Egyptian Rock-Cut Tomb with More Than 30 Mummies

Another sensational discovery has been made by archeologists in Egypt. 

The Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities has revealed that a group of international archaeologists has discovered a rock-cut tomb containing dozens of mummies near Aswan, Egypt.

As noted by Ayman Ashmawy, the head of the antiquities ministry’s ancient Egypt department, the tomb was hidden behind a stone wall and belonged to a person called Tjt.

The ancient tomb consists of a stairway flanked by intricately sculpted blocks that lead into a funerary chamber.

Image Credit: Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities.
Image Credit: Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities.

The tomb is believed to date back to the Greco-Roman Period, between (332 BC -395 AD).

According to reports, the tomb contained the bodies of both adults and children stored across multiple burial chambers.

Archeologists also discovered a plethora of artifacts, vessels still containing food, and even an intact stretcher thought to have been used by the people who deposited the mummies in the tomb.

Experts also discovered an intact hieroglyphic text, hidden beneath the sand, which tells us that the tomb’s owner was Tjt, an ancient Egyptian trade leader. The text also mentioned ancient Egyptian Gods including Hapi, the god of the Nile River.

The tomb was discovered thanks to an archeological mission featuring experts from Egypt and Italy. The tomb is located at the Aga Khan Mausoleum area, on Aswan’s West Bank.

“We know that Aswan was important in the late Pharaonic and Greco-Roman periods, but we didn’t know where the people were buried,” said Patrizia Piacentini, a professor of Egyptology at the University of Milan.

“Now we know where they are.”

The main chamber inside the tomb contained 30 mummies. Inside it, archaeologists also discovered a number of ancient vessels containing traces of bitumen for mummification, white cartonnage (a material used for funerary masks), as well as a lamp.

This is a fragment of painted cartonnage--material used for funerary masks--that was discovered inside the tomb. Image Credit: Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities.
This is a fragment of painted cartonnage– the material used for funerary masks–that was discovered inside the tomb. Image Credit: Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities.

The Egyptian ministry of antiquities also revealed that the archeological missions discovered colorful and gilded cartonnages, as well as fragments of an ancient Egyptian funerary mask painted with gold.

They also recovered an extremely well-preserved statue of the Ba-Bird, an ancient Egyptian creature, half human half bird, depicting the soul of the deceased.

The Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities
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