Archeologists excavating the Giza plateau, where some of the most impressive ancient structures on the planet stand, the Pyramid of Giza, have found what many argue is the missing piece of the puzzle that indicates how the ancient Egyptian civilization managed to build such a masterpiece of ancient engineering.
A bit of history
Of the three major pyramids at Giza, the Great Pyramid is perhaps the most mysterious of them all.
It is the oldest and the largest of the Pyramids on the plateau and remains the only standing wonder of the ancient world.
We still have no clue how it was built, but throughout the years we have come across small pieces or clues that have pointed us in the right direction, leading us to partially understand how the ancients made it possible.
Mainstream scholars argue that the Great Pyramid of Giza was built roughly in a 20-year period after being commissioned by Pharaoh Khufu of the fourth dynasty.
Mysteries of the Pyramids
It is argued that the tomb of Khufu resides inside the pyramid, although never has a mummy been found in any of the three pyramids at Giza.
In addition to the mysteries of the mummies, we’ve been left stumped by how the ancients managed to transport the supermassive blocks of stone used to construct the pyramid.
It has been argued that the ancient Egyptians transported the massive stones in specially-designed boats, that were used to haul the blocks stone from the quarry, across the Nile River to the Great Pyramid.
Channel 4’s tv series Egypt Great Pyramid: The New Evidence has promised to revolutionize our understanding of the pyramid and the mysteries surrounding its construction.
It has been presented in the past how archeologists have discovered the ancient remains of a journal of a man called Merer, who is thought to have been in charge of the transportation of the massive stone blocks from their respective quarries to the building site of the pyramid.
The remains of the ancient journal were discovered by archaeologists Pierre Tallet and his team at the town of Wadi al-Jaraf.
The ancient text reveals among other things, the extremely sophisticated techniques used by the ancient Egyptians, which demonstrate just how much ahead of their time they really were.
The 2019 documentary revealed that there is a missing piece of a puzzle. The narrator explains that for the transport ships to work out as intended, they needed to get extremely close to the construction site of the pyramid, more than the Nile river would allow.
An ancient journal
To find out how the Egyptians did it, Tallet and his team decoded the ancient journal of Merer.
And the ancient text revealed that Merer was not just a sailor who worked on the transportation of materials. He was also an engineer.
In his journal, the ancient Egyptian who participated in the construction process of the Great Pyramid explained that he and his crew had to work on transforming the landscape by opening massive dikes that would successfully divert water from the Nile River and channel it to the pyramid through these artificial canals.
Merer’s task was essentially transporting the blocks of stones as close to the pyramid as possible, in order to avoid having to drag the stones across the desert.
The documentary revealed that Merer explained in his journal that he was not tasked in transporting the blocks of stone to the pyramid the entire year. In fact, Merer is believed to have had different missions during the years.
But if these canals did exist, where’s the evidence of their existence?
The pyramids were built more than 4,500 years ago, so the landscape has inadvertently changed through time.
Nonetheless, there’s evidence of the canals.
And archeologist Mark Lehner found it.
The documentary revealed how Lehner and his team drilled into the golden sands of the Giza Plateau, near the Pyramids in order to search for the long-lost waterways.
The discoveries he made were revealed in the documentary where Lehner explained how he and his team world drill for meters and meters and come up with nothing but dry sand. But then, after several attempts, the drill came down onto something that was much more concentrated, it was thick silt. It was wet sand.
The experts had discovered the traces of the ancient waterway. They knew that the Nile River once filled the canals with that clay and silt.
And the researchers outline that without these intricate waterways, the ancient Egyptians may have never completed the Great Pyramid.
Essentially, the archaeologists discovered how the ancient Egyptians altered and engineered the landscape surrounding the pyramid allowing them to build the Pyramid.
They dug massive, deep canals creating an inland port. After the water had filled in the gaps, the transport ships with the massive blocks of limestone would arrive at a few hundred meters of the pyramid.
Without this clever technique, building one of the most impressive pyramids in the world may have been a nearly impossible task.