An artist’s rendering of a highly developed Artificial Intelligence. Depositphotos.

China Achieves “Brain-Scale” Artificial Intelligence Using Its Latest Supercomputer

The AI, dubbed Bagualu, made use of 174 trillion parameters, rivaling the number of human brain synapses. This is a next-level AI system.


According to the latest reports, 174 trillion parameters were executed by the Sunway supercomputer, roughly matching the number of synapses in the human brain.

An artificial intelligence program that could be as complex as the human brain is claimed to have been created by scientists in China.


Bagualu, or “alchemist’s pot,” as it is referred to, is an artificial intelligence model developed at the National Supercomputing Center in Jiangsu, an eastern province of China.

Scientists described it as a “brain-scale” model of artificial intelligence that may have applications in the development of autonomous vehicles, computer vision, and many sciences. Other AI systems have already proven to be of great use to scientists.

Can AI rival the human brain?

Researchers say the latest demo puts the Sunway TaihuLight Super Computer on par with the US Frontier, which is currently ranked number one in the world.

Officially, it is ranked as the world’s fourth most powerful supercomputer.
According to the Top500 list of the world’s leading supercomputers, the Sunway was ranked number one between 2016 and 2018. However, Chinese institutions no longer upload performance data to the list. The country still has the highest number of supercomputers in the Top500 rankings, with 173.

It was reported that the bagualu program contained 174 trillion parameters, which rivaled the number of synapses in the human brain, based on some estimates. This was done using its more than 37 million CPU cores – more than four times the number of processors in the Frontier supercomputer.


The device also has nine petabytes of memory, which would be equivalent to over two million HD movies. In April, researchers at the Association for Computing Machinery of America presented their findings at the Practice of Parallel Programming 2022 conference, but the results weren’t released until now.

One researcher commented that the new Sunway version simulated parallel computing in a way similar to human brain functions, such as eating while watching TV.

Should we be worried?

While the achievements of the Chinese AI are undoubtedly impressive, to say the least, the announcement comes at a time when people have been left amazed by claims an Artificial intelligence developed at Google has become Sentient.

As reported earlier, Blake Lemoine, an engineer working at Google, has been put on administrative leave after claims that LaMDA, an experimental artificial intelligence, has exhibited sentience.

“If I didn’t know exactly what it was, which is this computer program we built recently, I’d think it was a seven-year-old, eight-year-old kid that happens to know physics,” Lemoine revealed in an interview with the Post.

Among AI experts, scholars, and even Google, a heated debate erupted over the present and future possibilities of machine learning, ethical concerns related to the technology, and the nature of consciousness and sentience. However, despite Lemoine’s claims, the consensus was that LaMDA, the AI, is unlikely to be sentient.

In fact, the case concerning LaMDA developed to such a stage that Lemoine claimed that the AI had reached out to an attorney to seek legal help in proving its case that it was a sentient being and not just a highly-developed computer program.


Despite this, the lawyer, who remains unnamed, decided to back down from representing LaMDA due to tremendous external pressure from “big law firms” threatening him.

However, some experts believe that the case surrounding LaMDA is isolated and that there are no risks of Artificial INtelligence systems taking over the world. At least not now.

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Written by Ivan Petricevic

I've been writing passionately about ancient civilizations, history, alien life, and various other subjects for more than eight years. You may have seen me appear on Discovery Channel's What On Earth series, History Channel's Ancient Aliens, and Gaia's Ancient Civilizations among others.

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