How can something as delicate and lovely as poison dart frogs kill 10 humans in an instant? Astonishing, isn’t it? Nature is beautiful and there are multiple species that haven’t been discovered as yet. Earth, in general, is massive and we do not know if there are any other delicate amphibians that possess such power to kill or not.
In today’s article, we shall be talking about Poison Dart Frogs. I stumbled upon them a while back; I was surprised to see how stunning they looked. Depending upon their habitats, which extend from the tropical forests of Costa Rica to Brazil, their colouring can be yellow, gold, copper, red, green, blue, or black.
If we specifically talk about the golden one, it has sufficient poison to kill 10 grown men in an instant. The individuals residing in Colombia have used its powerful poison for centuries to tip their blowgun darts when hunting.
The poison dart frogs use the patterns and multiple hues on their skin to ward off any potential predators that may decide to devour them or to invade their habitat. The interesting part is that when they are born in captivity for research purposes, they do not develop the poison in their delicate bodies. However, they do develop a lethal poison when in their natural habitat. How fascinating is that?
As stated above, poison frogs are known for their vibrant colours, and certain amphibians, in general, have toxic skin secretions that result in them having bright colours or patterns for the potential predators. According to the scientists who have studied poison frogs and their behaviours, the aforementioned colours – be it golden, strawberry pink, black or green, function as a visual warning, a learned response on the part of the predator. A predator that finds an amphibian to be undesirable will connect the warning colour with the poor taste and, after a trial or two, leave it altogether.
The colouring generally involves red, orange, black or yellow. Please bear in mind that certain animals have bright colouring and that does not exactly equate to toxicity. Furthermore, the poison dart frogs are about 0.75 to 1.5 inches in length. They look stunning, to be honest. We know that the frogs, in general, have high vocals, and they use their voice for communication purposes.
Moreover, please know that there are over 100 species of poison dart frogs. Poison frogs, in general, can live for over ten years in human care. However, the tri-coloured poison frog will live from 12 to 20 years in its natural habitat. They mostly consume petty insects such as ants and termites, which they locate on the floor of a forest. As far as regular frogs are concerned, we all know that they use their retractable and sticky tongues to catch the food. However, according to scientists, poison frogs obtain their poison from a particular arthropod and various other insects that they eat in the wild. The poison that frogs generally secrete is used in various medicinal studies. All in all, they are exceptionally beautiful.