India's Chandrayaan-3 lands on the Moon

India’s Chandrayaan-3 lands on the Moon

India's Chandrayaan-3 touches the moon, setting a new bar for spacefaring nations.


In an unparalleled feat, India’s Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft marks a historic landing on the moon. Surpassing previous efforts by the United States, China, and the former Soviet Union, this mission achieves a proximity to the moon’s south pole like no other.

Promising water ice deposits, believed to be nestled in the moon’s south pole, offer potential for conversion into rocket fuel or drinking water for future missions. This remarkable achievement  emerges just days after Russia’s Luna 25 met its end due to an engine failure, signifying Russia’s first lunar setback in nearly half a century.

India’s Chandrayaan-3 Sets Historic Milestones:

  • Sole nation to touch down in the moon’s south pole territory.
  • Unique in deploying a rover to explore the moon’s southern polar region.
  • Merely the second country in the 21st century to execute a controlled lunar landing, with China as its predecessor.
  • Just the fourth nation ever to achieve a controlled landing on the moon.

Chandrayaan-3’s In-depth Journey

Offering a glimpse of the moon’s intricate landscape, Chandrayaan-3’s camera delivered breathtaking images. This spacecraft, constituting a lander, a rover, and a propulsion module, successfully bridged the vast 238,855-mile chasm between Earth and the moon. The lander, named “Vikram,” weighs approximately 3,748 pounds and securely nests “Pragyan,” a 57.3-pound state-of-the-art rover. Both are fitted with pioneering scientific instruments to dissect the lunar surface and render invaluable insights.


Dr. Angela Marusiak, hailing from the University of Arizona, accentuates the gravity of the lander’s embedded seismometer. This instrument’s ability to monitor the moon’s internal seismic activities is paramount for ensuring the safety of potential lunar structures and astronauts.

India: A Forerunner in Space Exploration

In synergy with global counterparts, India blazes the trail in the current space exploration era. The Chandrayaan-3 launch drew monumental crowds, both onsite and digitally, underscoring India’s ascendant space stature. Following Russia’s Luna 25 misadventure, Chandrayaan-3’s success could potentially cast India as this century’s second lunar victor after China.

A rekindled fascination with the moon has nations worldwide sketching out lunar blueprints. With Japan and the U.S. on the immediate horizon, NASA’s Artemis III sets sights on a manned lunar foray by 2025. Yet, the challenges of lunar landings loom large, as exemplified by India’s Chandrayaan-2 in 2019, joining the expanding tally of lunar misadventures.

NASA Administrator Bill Nelson extolled the moon’s scientific allure and Chandrayaan-3’s impending contributions to lunar knowledge.


Endorsing transparent lunar exploration endeavors, India remains a staunch advocate of the Artemis Accords, while Russia and China are yet to pledge their commitment.

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Written by Ivan Petricevic

I've been writing passionately about ancient civilizations, history, alien life, and various other subjects for more than eight years. You may have seen me appear on Discovery Channel's What On Earth series, History Channel's Ancient Aliens, and Gaia's Ancient Civilizations among others.

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