India’s Moon Rover Wraps Up Exploration; Scientists Await Results on Frozen Water

"Having completed its mission, the rover now rests in sleep mode," ISRO confirmed. This decision aligns with the end of daylight in the rover's current lunar location.


India’s Chandrayaan-3 rover completes its lunar assignment, sending back significant data for analysis.

In a recent achievement for India’s space mission, the Chandrayaan-3 rover has concluded its exploration on the moon. The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) reported that after a historic landing near the lunar south pole, the rover was placed into sleep mode less than two weeks later.


“Having completed its mission, the rover now rests in sleep mode,” ISRO confirmed. This decision aligns with the end of daylight in the rover’s current lunar location.

Data Transmission

All data collected by the rover has been relayed back to Earth via the lander. “Despite being designed for a single lunar day, which translates to 14 Earth days, the rover is in optimal condition, fully charged and awaiting the next sunrise on September 22, 2023, to potentially start another cycle of tasks,” the space organization said.

However, there hasn’t been any official announcement regarding the rover’s hunt for frozen water on the moon—a resource that could revolutionize future astronaut missions by providing drinking water or rocket fuel components.

Earlier this week, ISRO shared that the rover detected sulfur and a spectrum of other elements, including aluminum, iron, calcium, chromium, titanium, manganese, oxygen, and silicon.


The Indian Express highlighted a challenge for the rover: its electronics might not endure the extreme cold of lunar nights, which drop to around minus 184 degrees Fahrenheit and last as long as 14 Earth days.

Pallava Bagla, renowned science writer and co-author of books on India’s space pursuits, expressed concerns over the rover’s limited battery life. “The data is back on Earth for a preliminary analysis by Indian experts, and subsequently, a thorough examination by the global scientific community will ensue,” he informed.

He also emphasized the challenges of crafting electronic components resilient to the moon’s severe cold, stating, “India currently lacks the technology to produce electronics that can withstand lunar temperatures.”

India’s Success

This successful rover expedition follows India’s previous unsuccessful attempt in 2019. With this accomplishment, India proudly stands alongside the U.S., Soviet Union, and China as one of the few nations to achieve a moon landing.

It underlines India’s emerging status in the global tech and space arena, aligning with Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s vision of portraying India as an ascending global force.


This mission, which started over a month ago, came with an estimated price tag of $75 million. India’s accomplishment stands in contrast to Russia’s Luna-25’s misfortune, which recently crashed while aiming for the same lunar region. The mishap marked Russia’s latest lunar attempt after a 47-year hiatus.

India, an active space participant since the 1960s, has not only launched satellites for various countries but also successfully orbited Mars in 2014. Looking ahead, a collaboration with the U.S. is on the horizon for India’s debut mission to the International Space Station next year.

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Written by Ivan Petricevic

I've been writing passionately about ancient civilizations, history, alien life, and various other subjects for more than eight years. You may have seen me appear on Discovery Channel's What On Earth series, History Channel's Ancient Aliens, and Gaia's Ancient Civilizations among others.

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