A human hand touching with a machine AI illustration. YAYIMAGES.

Is AI Truly Sentient? 19 Experts Weigh In: Not Just Yet

The crux lies in redefining consciousness. Could machines share certain elements of subjective experience with humans and animals?


With the rapid immersion of artificial intelligence (AI) into our daily lives, the line between humanlike responses and genuine consciousness in machines has become blurred for many. So, are computers inching closer to achieving sentience?

Artificial intelligence’s progress is undeniable. As they assimilate vast amounts of data, their responses become increasingly nuanced, reminiscent of a seasoned professor. Yet, the question remains: Do they perceive emotions and the beauty around them like we do?

Is AI Truly Sentient?

While some remain skeptical about machines ever achieving human-like sentience, others argue for a broader understanding. The crux lies in redefining consciousness. Could machines share certain elements of subjective experience with humans and animals?

Nineteen distinguished neuroscientists from across the globe joined forces to shed light on this debate. Their report, unveiled on Aug. 22 on arXiv, delves deep into the intricacies of consciousness in AI.


OpenAI’s lead scientist hinted at AI networks possibly being “slightly conscious” while a Google expert faced termination over claims of LaMDA, a chatbot precursor, being sentient.

Research Verdict: Not Conscious… For Now

Despite the myriad theories, the collaborative study titled “Consciousness in Artificial Intelligence: Insights from the Science of Consciousness” affirmed that AI systems currently lack consciousness. However, Patrick Butlin, one of the lead authors, emphasized the absence of technical hindrances to developing such AI in the future.

To better understand consciousness, the team identified six theories deemed as substantial indicators. The Recurrent Processing Theory, revolving around brain’s feedback loops and adaptability, stands out. Then there’s the Higher Order Theory, centered on self-awareness, and the Global Workspace Theory, which focuses on a brain’s globally accessible information hub.

Probing AI Consciousness: A Crucial Endeavor

Butlin stressed the importance of their study, underscoring the potential of creating conscious AI systems in the upcoming decades. Such prospects open up a Pandora’s box of ethical and societal implications.


While AI’s boundaries are continually pushed, the quest for genuine machine consciousness remains elusive. As researchers probe deeper, the coming years could redefine our understanding of sentience in the realm of artificial intelligence.

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Written by Ivan Petricevic

I've been writing passionately about ancient civilizations, history, alien life, and various other subjects for more than eight years. You may have seen me appear on Discovery Channel's What On Earth series, History Channel's Ancient Aliens, and Gaia's Ancient Civilizations among others.

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