NASA has announced that data from their spacecraft are challenging our complete understanding of how our solar system works.
According to reports from NASA, their Juno and Cassini missions have gathered a plethora of data as they explored the solar system.
Juno continues to do so, while the Cassini mission came to an end in 2017.
Now, analysis of the new data has revealed more of our solar systems secrets, and experts say that what they found is “unlike anything we have seen before.”
Magnetic and gravity data gathered by NASA is “invaluable but also confounding”, David Stevenson from Caltech revealed
Although there are puzzles yet to be explained, this is already clarifying some of our ideas about how planets form, how they make magnetic fields and how the winds blow,” Stevenson added.
The new discoveries challenge existing theories on how planets in our solar system from and behave.
Specifically, gravity and magnetic sensors aboard NASA’s Juno mission have sent “puzzling data” about Jupiter.
New data has revealed that the magnetic field of the Gas Giant t has spots (regions of an abnormally high or low magnetic field) and also a notable difference between the northern and southern hemispheres.
“It’s unlike anything we have seen before,” Stevenson said.
Furthermore, using instruments onboard NASA’s Juno spacecraft, researchers were able to observe microwaves in order to explore the atmosphere around the planets.
Surprisingly, it has shown that the is evenly mixed in a way they had not expected.
“Any explanation for this has to be unorthodox,” Stevenson said.
The gravity data also confirmed that in the midst of Jupiter, which is at least 90 percent hydrogen and helium by mass, there are heavier elements amounting to more than 10 times the mass of Earth.
But strangely, they are not concentrated in a core but were found to be mixed in with the hydrogen above, most of which is in the form of a metallic liquid.
Researchers further report that the data also gave them brand new information about the outer parts of both Jupiter and Saturn.
They found that the amount of heavier elements there is uncertain, but the outer layers are playing much more of a role in the magnetic field than the scientists had expected.