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Preparing for Extraterrestrial Diplomacy: The Need for an Interstellar Treaty


When an extraterrestrial object like Oumuamua or Comet Borisov enters our realm, the possibility of it being more than just a celestial body becomes tangible. Imagine if we were suddenly confronted with a probe that seemed to have a clear intent or purpose. This brings forth an intriguing and potentially alarming question: Are we truly prepared for diplomacy with extraterrestrial civilizations?

From Science Fiction to Potential Reality

What if these visitors indeed indicate a deliberate intent to communicate? Such scenarios, which might sound like plots from sci-fi movies, underline the uncertain but real possibility of First Contact. John Gertz, a prominent writer in the SETI (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence) domain, offers valuable insights into this topic, even though he isn’t a practicing scientist himself.

Gertz recently released a paper titled “Interstellar Diplomacy.” In it, he stresses the imminent possibility of alien contact and highlights the surprising lack of global preparation. “Contact with aliens might be just around the corner,” Gertz warns. He emphasizes the dire need for a united and diplomatic strategy, highlighting potential disruptions to humanity’s status quo upon a first detection.

SETI and Beyond: Probing the Stars

While SETI remains at the forefront of the quest to find extraterrestrial life, Gertz hints that we might currently be in its Golden Age. This is exemplified by significant investments, like Yuri Milner’s $100 million commitment, and technological advancements in radio telescopes across the globe. But Gertz critiques SETI’s rather narrow focus. Instead, he proposes a more direct approach: sending physical probes to establish contact.


According to Gertz, an alien probe, possibly backed by advanced AI, could circumvent the time lags associated with interstellar communication. This would allow for a more immediate dialogue, potentially offering clearer insights than just a simple signal relayed from a distant civilization.

First Contact: A Global Challenge

However, there’s no universally agreed-upon response for such a monumental event. Gertz’s concerns are rooted in the potential for individual nations to act rashly or impulsively in the face of such a revelation, risking the safety and well-being of all of humanity. He envisions a range of responses, from destructive actions to outright deification of the alien probe.

For Gertz, the answer lies in an international treaty that promotes collective decision-making. He envisions a body, perhaps inspired by the UN’s Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS), that includes experts from diverse fields such as astronomy, law, economics, and religion. This group’s primary mission would be to ensure transparency and data sharing among nations, even in the face of political tensions.

A Treaty for the Stars

In his paper, Gertz outlines a proposed treaty: “Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in Humankind’s Relations with Robotic or Biological Extraterrestrial Intelligence.” This proposal emphasizes establishing peaceful and collaborative relations with extraterrestrials. It recognizes the shared stake all of humanity would have in any extraterrestrial interactions.


The essence of Gertz’s argument is clear: When faced with the prospect of alien encounters, a collective, unified approach is paramount. His emphasis on crafting a proactive treaty stands as a testament to the responsibilities and choices that humanity must consider for the future.

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Written by Ivan Petricevic

I've been writing passionately about ancient civilizations, history, alien life, and various other subjects for more than eight years. You may have seen me appear on Discovery Channel's What On Earth series, History Channel's Ancient Aliens, and Gaia's Ancient Civilizations among others.

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