There is an area in the human brain that we did not know existed until now.
Sometimes it seems to us that the human body has already been studied in its entirety, but even something finite can have undiscovered corners.
While developing a new atlas of brain anatomy, researchers found a new region in the human brain, that had never before been seen and that is not present in other primates.
This is according to Australian neuroscientist George Paxinos a researcher at Neuroscience Research Australia (NeuRA).
The brain region was named Endorestiform Nucleus and is found near the spino-cerebral conjunction. (The new region is located at the base of the human brain, where the brain meets the spinal cord.)
Although Paxinos was only now able to see the new region in an image, professor Paxinos suspected its existence for more than 30 years ago reports Science Alert.
As noted by experts, the newly found region receives sensory and motor information from our bodies to refine our posture, balance, and movements.
“The inferior cerebellar peduncle is like a river carrying information from the spinal cord and brainstem to the cerebellum,” Paxinos explained to ScienceAlert.
“The endorestiform nucleus is a group of neurons, and it is like an island in this river,” added professor Paxinos.
Paxinos has written 52 brain-mapping books and plans to use the new staining technique to further explore the human brain for more mysteries, and compare them across other species.
The new discovery is yet to be peer-reviewed, but details about the new region in the human brain can be found in Paxinos’ latest atlas, titled Human Brainstem: Cytoarchitecture, Chemoarchitecture, Myeloarchitecture.