The Great Pyramid of Giza has held on tightly to its inner secrets for thousands of years.
Despite the fact that multidisciplinary teams of experts have studied the pyramids of Giza for decades, we have still not been able to fully understand the majestic structures though to have been built during Egypt’s Fourth Dynasty.
Of the three greater pyramids at Giza, that of Khufu is the most stunning. It’s not just because it is the tallest Egyptian pyramid ever built, and it isn’t because it is the oldest—that honor belongs to the Pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara.
The Great Pyramid of Giza is the most stunning because it is the most unique pyramid in Egypt: it is the only confirmed eight-sided pyramid ever built, it is the only pyramid in Egypt with both ascending and descending passages, and its interior—although explored—continues to hide mysteries in the structures very core.
That’s why experts have sought out to scan the pyramid’s inside with state-of-the-art equipment.
One such study was performed not long ago and revealed hidden, previously unseen anomalies inside the Great Pyramid of Giza.
Experts from around the world, including scientists from Nagoya University and the High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, previously announced the discovery of an unknown cavity, measuring at least 30 meters in length, located just above the King’s chamber. The discovery was made with Muon radiography. The find was reported in the Journal Nature in November of 2017.
Since the study was published in Nature, another survey confirmed the existence of the cavity, revealing that the pyramid does indeed hide many of its secrets.
Despite confirming data, some researchers in Egypt remain highly skeptical about the claim, and the Egyptian Government has now asked the president of Higashi Nippon International University in Iwaki, Sakuji Yoshimura, to verify the claims of whether or not there is really a hidden structure within the pyramid.
“The previously discovered cavity is way too large from an archaeological perspective,” explained Yoshimura, who heads the overall study project involving other universities.
“We are very keen to verify the findings.”
Researchers now aim to study the structure once again using cosmic rays, which will hopefully allow them to confirm—or deny—if there is a hidden structure inside the pyramid.
As revealed by ASAHI, Tadahiro Kin, an associate professor of radiation metrology at Kyushu University, and other experts in the field will survey and scan the Great Pyramid of Giza with a method called muon radiography, which is similar to X-ray imaging.
Muons are subatomic particles produced when protons and other cosmic rays impact Earth’s atmosphere.
Muons are able to pass through bedrock 1 kilometer thick, however, the number of muons that penetrate objects can vary depending on factors such as density and thickness.
Muon radiography will allow scientists to measure the concentration of stone blocks used to build the pyramid.
The researchers will make use of a newly-developed muon detector that is expected to operate for an entire month, placed inside the so-called Queen’s chamber, a structure located in the lower part of the gigantic pyramid.
In addition to muon radiography, researchers will make use of data gathered by drone surveys.
The Great Pyramid of Giza is estimated to have been built with more than 2.3 million stone blocks and is believed to weigh around 6.5 million tons.
There are three known chambers inside the pyramid, although experts argue that many more may remain hidden deep inside the structure.
The new survey of the pyramid is expected to last until summer, and we can expect results being published by autumn.