Egyptian history is mysterious. Quite a lot of elements have not been discovered or debunked as yet. The archaeologists and egyptologists have been trying to solve the mysteries that revolve around certain monuments and sites ever since they were discovered.
The Great Sphinx of Giza is one of those mysterious yet eye-catching monuments. The world-famous Sphinx dates back to 4,500 years. It peacefully sits next to the Great Pyramid of Giza.
The most popular theory about the Great Sphinx suggests that the statue was built for the Pharaoh Khafre in around 2603 B.C. However, certain Hieroglyphic texts indicate that Khafre’s father, Pharaoh Khufu, constructed the Great Pyramid of Giza.
The Great Pyramid of Giza is the most well-known and largest of all three pyramids in Egypt. It is believed that Khafre followed his father’s footsteps and built his own pyramid next to the Great Pyramid of Giza. However, he incorporated the Great Sphinx and other statues to the structure.
It is said that the remnants of red pigment were found on the Sphinx’s face; it suggests that the statue may have been painted in the past.
According to some modern-day scholars and experts, the Great Sphinx may have been constructed for some sort of celestial purposes. Some theories suggest that it was built to resurrect the soul of Pharoah Khafre. However, we are not certain if the said theory is correct or not.
A sphinx is basically a creature with the body of a lion and head of a human with certain variations. It is a noticeable mythological figure in Egyptian, Asian, and Greek mythology.
According to ancient Egyptian beliefs, the sphinx was a holy guardian and most often portrayed as a male with a pharaoh headdress. The figures of the Sphinx were oftentimes incorporated in tombs and temples. For example, there is a Sphinx Alley in upper Egypt; it is a two-mile road that joins the temples of Luxor and Karnak and is lined with multiple sphinx figures.
The experts of this day and age know surprisingly little about the statue, despite its age and huge interest from the people. The ancient Egyptians associated the Sphinx with supernatural powers, and it was widely respected throughout the dynasties.
It is believed that the Great Sphinx of Giza had a different head back when it was initially constructed. Theories suggest that the head was later on changed by an unknown Pharoah. The experts say that it has several chisel marks which indicate that it was tempered with for some unknown reasons. We have no idea if the theory is accurate or not. However, some archaeologists believe that there are hidden chambers underneath the structure.
It’s hard for the archaeologists to excavate the Sphinx and risk damaging the bottom of it when it holds a significant value in Egyptian culture. The Egyptian authorities do not allow archaeologists to damage any existing ancient sites. According to them, the ancient monuments and sites belonged to their ancestors. Hence, they should remain intact and untouched.
Various theories revolve around the Egyptian sites and monuments; some of them are still a massive mystery for us.