What are the odds that a person standing on Earth is struck by a meteorite? If you ask Tulane University environmental sciences professor Stephen A. Nelson, the odds of getting killed by a meteorite are about 1 in 250,000. Statistical analysis tells us that murder is (1 in 185), tornado (1 in 60,000), flood (1 in 27,000), an airplane crash (1 in 30,000), which means all of these are much more likely killers compared to a meteorite impact.
Nonetheless, it isn’t impossible. As it turns out, scientists have now discovered what they believe is the oldest account of Death and injury by a meteorite. According to a new study published in Meteoritics & Planetary Science, back in 1888, a man was killed and another one injured after a meteorite impacted Earth.
Scientists at Ege University (Turkey) have presented what they believe is the first evidence of an event in which a meteorite struck and killed one man and paralyzed another. The events occurred on August 22, 1888, in Sulaymaniyah, Iraq, based on three manuscripts written in Ottoman Turkish that were extracted from the General Directorate of State Archives of the Presidency of the Republic of Turkey. This event was also reported to the then sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Abdul Hamid II, by the governor of Sulaymaniyah.
These findings suggest that other historical records may exist documenting other events that caused meteorite deaths and injuries, according to the scientific team.
One well-documented case of a meteorite impacting a person occurred in November 1954, when a meteorite came through the ceiling of the house of Ann Hodges–who was 34 at the time–, bounced off the radio and impacted her in her thigh, luckily leaving only a deep bruise on her leg.
Our planet experiences meteor impacts with different risks of explosions in the air and impact on the ground. Some of these meteors can survive after atmospheric passage, eventually impacting the surface of the planet. Although there are various claims that people were hit and killed by meteorites in history, they have not been accurately credited to specific historical records, that is, until now.
This problem could be due to the fact that many ancient manuscripts were written in a language other than English or that there is insufficient interest in historical records, the researchers caution in their study, published in Meteoritics & Planetary Science.
According to NASA, more than 13,500 asteroids and comets have been identified, ranging in size from a few meters to several kilometers, all of which are located within 30 million miles of Earth’s orbit. The agency reports that around 1,500 pieces of space debris are detected each year. So fr, none of the identified asteroids or comets present any measurable threat to Earth.
“The probability of an asteroid striking the Earth and causing serious damage is very remote, but the devastating consequences of such an impact suggest we should closely study different types of asteroids to understand their compositions, structures, sizes, and future trajectories,” NASA explains.