The 2,100-Year-Old Terracotta Army. Photo courtesy Chinese Cultural Relics

Archaeologists Find Second Terracotta Army in China dating back Thousands of Years

More than 300 Terracotta figurines have been found in a 2,100-Year-Old Pit in China.


New Terracotta Army Unearthed in China: A Miniature Version of the Iconic Qin Shi Huang Warriors

Remarkable Discovery: Smaller but Equally Impressive Terracotta Warriors

Archaeologists in China have made a fascinating discovery: a new terracotta army, smaller but just as impressive as the famous warriors found in Xi’an. More than 300 figures, complete with armor, horses, and a band of musicians, have been excavated from a 2,100-year-old pit. The newly discovered terracotta army bears a striking resemblance to the 8,000-strong army that forms part of Emperor Qin Shi Huang’s mausoleum, a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1987.

The Distinct Characteristics of the New Terracotta Army

While the new terracotta army may appear similar to the larger, more famous collection, there are notable differences. The figures are smaller, and archaeologists believe they were created a century after the Xi’an soldiers, as reported in an article published in Chinese Relics. In addition to the military figures, the excavation also revealed small statues of musicians, a miniature theater, and four watchtowers measuring 140 centimeters in height.

A cavalry unit from the 'new' Terracotta Army. Image Credit: The 2,100-Year-Old Terracotta Army. Photo courtesy Chinese Cultural Relics


A cavalry unit from the ‘new’ Terracotta Army. Image Credit: The 2,100-Year-Old Terracotta Army. Photo courtesy Chinese Cultural Relics

A Connection to Ancient China’s Royal Family

The discovery was made near the Chinese city of Linzi, close to the Yellow Sea coast. Based on the location and age of the terracotta army, experts speculate that the figures were built for Liu Hong, a prince of Qi (an ancient Chinese region) and son of Emperor Wu (reigned 141-87 B.C.).

The Mystery of the Missing Tomb

While the pit filled with terracotta warriors has been discovered, no tomb has yet been found. However, archaeologists believe that the tomb of the prince or another senior royal family member may be located nearby. The ceramic army was likely intended to protect Liu Hong or another high-ranking individual in the afterlife, suggesting that a tomb should be in close proximity.


The researchers note that architectural remains or a path leading from the pit might be present, but there is currently no way to explore the main burial chamber. It is possible that the tomb itself was destroyed long ago. This new discovery adds another layer of intrigue to the rich history of China’s terracotta armies and offers a unique insight into the beliefs and customs of ancient Chinese civilization.

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Written by Justin Gurkinic

Hey, my name is Justin, and my friends call me Gurk. Why? Becuase of my last name. It sounds like a vegetable. Kind of. I love sleeping and writing. History is my thing.

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