Underground Tunnels Found beneath Pyramid in Mexico Likely Contain ‘Strange Skulls’
The ancient city of Teotihuacan had its apex between 100 B.C. and 750 A.D. The city was once one of the largest settlements in the world and may have supported as many as 200,000 inhabitants. The city’s original builders remain a mystery.
Mexican archaeologists have confirmed the existence of an underground chamber and a tunnel located beneath the Pyramid of the Moon, in the archaeological zone of Teotihuacán.
They believe that this “passage to the underworld” served for ritual purposes and that the tunnels are most likely filled with skeletons with elongated skulls, among other oddities.
The first pieces of evidence hinting at the existence of the underground chamber where discovered in studies carried out in 2017.
But its existence was only confirmed thanks to a joint study by the National Institute of Anthropology and History of Mexico, INAH, and the Institute of Geophysics of the National Autonomous University of Mexico, UNAM.
According to experts, the chamber is located eight meters below the Pyramid, has a diameter of 15 meters and is connected to a tunnel that flows south of the Plaza de la Luna.
However, experts believe that there could be more accesses.
“It is likely that there is another entrance to the east side, so it is essential to have a complete radiography to know what are its accesses,” said Verónica Ortega, director of the Integral Conservation Project of the Plaza de la Luna.
The finding of the chamber and the tunnel is the result of a study of electrical resistivity (which quantifies the force with which a given material is opposed to the flow of an electric current).
The chamber and the tunnel could have been used for ritual purposes, say experts.
The Plaza de la Luna is the northern end of the Calzada de Los Muertos, which is a processional avenue and is part of the heart of the city.
The new findings seem to confirm that the ancient Teotihuacans reproduced the same pattern of tunnels associated with their great monuments, whose function should have been the emulation of the underworld.
What experts will find in the chambers and the tunnels remains a mystery, but experts say they have a good idea what could be down there.
In explorations carried out at the end of the eighties of the last century, through tunnels excavated in the body of the pyramid, the archaeologists Rubén Cabrera and Saburo Sugiyama found skeletons of individuals with cranial deformation … and various greenstone objects (necklaces), anthropomorphic figures made with mosaics), which is why experts believe they will find something similar in the newly discovered tunnels.
“Previous explorations found skeletons of individuals with cranial deformation, as in the Mayan area, and diverse greenstone objects (necklaces, anthropomorphic figures made with mosaics), so it is not difficult to think that something similar could be found in the subsoil,” explained Ortega.
“What’s found inside could help to unravel the relationships that this ancient metropolis had with other regions of Mesoamerica,’ she said.”