There’s a long lost ancient city said to have existed in the distant past near modern-day Arkansas City.
It is thought that the settlement was home to around 20,000 Native Americans, who lived there during the seventeenth century.
Now, scientists have proven that the city long thought to be only a myth was, in fact, real, and experts say that it proves that Native Americans lived on the continent in advanced proto-cities long before the arrival of the Spaniards.
Scientists excavating the area discovered traces of Spanish horseshoes as well as nail and a pockmarked iron ball believed to have been fired from Spanish guns in a battle between the conquistadores and the naive American population.
The city of Etzanoa had long been described in folklore and myths, but further studies at the site have revealed evidence of houses surrounded by gardens and vast farmlands.
In addition to the discoveries made by experts, the existence of the city is further backed up by eye-witness testimonies from a number of historical records, reports the Daily Mail.
The fact that the legendary city of Etzanoa existed challenges conventional thinking about pre-colonial America and its history.
Written evidence by Juan de Oñate, a Spanish conquistador who was also governor of New Mexico in the 17th century has helped experts pinpoint the city.
Donald Blakeslee, an archaeologist at Wichita State University in Kansas, has reanalyzed translations made in 2013, to gain a clearer view of the expedition made by Juan de Oñate.
“What this find represents is totally against what the history books told us. It’s amending history,” said Dr. Blakeslee.
“The Great Plains were originally thought to be sparsely populated, but this suggests that an intricate system of towns and cities dotted the regional map instead,” he added.
Excavations at the site have revealed a number of rocks and minerals not native to the region. This indicates that the inhabitants of Etzanoa not only traded with other Native American groups in North America but with other civilizations from Central and South America as well.
“It is my belief that indigenous groups from the Great Plains traded not only with other groups from the east and west coast but with civilizations belonging to Central and South America as well.”
“It totally rewrites the history books,” Dr. Blakeslee said.
“It’s a reminder that history is fluid; every answer we uncover just leads to more questions.”