Hyperborea: Myths and Legends of a Land Inhabited by ‘Gods’

Hyperborea was described by ancient Greek writers as a theocracy ruled by three priests of the god Apollon. These gigantic kings, known as the Boreades, the sons of Boreas; the North Wind.

Myths, legends, and stories of lost cities, continents and civilizations are found across the planet.

Thousands of years ago, and perhaps even before written history, it is said that great civilization lived in advanced cities.

After thousands of years, these mighty cultures disappeared from the traces of history, remaining only in myths and legends.

Some of the more popular stories are those of Atlantis, Lemuria, Mu, as well as Shambala.

But one of the lesser popular myths speaks of Hyperborea–Ὑπερβορεα–, a place which conquered the interest of Greek historians of antiquity.

Home of the Gods, Land to the North

Hyperborea was perhaps best described as Atlantis’ rival. It was a place supposedly where the very gods descended from the heavens.

They took shelter at Hyperborea and turned it they home, eventually developing a place of great prosperity, culture, history and of course technology. Unrivaled, technology.

In fact, this place was said to be so special that it was unlike anything else on Earth.

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The people inhabiting Hyperborea, are said to have been immoral, besides of course, to being described as Gods.

According to ancient Greek writers, Hyperborea was a culture ruled by a theocratic government, and three priests of the god Apollo were in charge of governing.

These three priests, giants were known as the Boreades, and they are said to have been the sons of Boreas (the North Wind).

Located to the far north, Hyperborea was a realm of eternal spring, and hoe to the north wind.

Hyperborea’s location was described as a continent bound land, bordered to the north by the river Okeanos, and to the south by the legendary Rhipaion Mountains, home to the mighty Boreas, the Northern Wind.

It was precisely there, in Hyperborea, where the writers of antiquity said that the god Apollo ‘piloted his flying vehicle’ to rejuvenate.

There, Medusa was banished, far from society.

The exact location of the Riphean mountains remains a mystery. Despite being mentioned by some authors of classical antiquity: Apollonius of RhodesAristotleHecataeus of MiletusHippocratesPtolemyPlutarch, and others, their location has never been revealed, leading modern authors to suggest these mountains were part of an even larger myth.

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Location

The exact location of Hyperborea’s location is debated, although it has been suggested that the Hyperborean’s inhabited a land located in the icy regions of Earth’s Northern Pole.

There, the legends indicate, are the long-lost remains of a civilization devoured by history.

Furthermore, Hyperborea existed in the northern region during what is described as a much different geological timeline. Hypberorans are said to have inhabited the region when the area was suitable for most human life and development.

Legends speak that at Hyperborea that sun was ever present, shining 24 hours a day.

Original Humans

The Hyperboreans were like no other civilization on Earth. It is said that Hyperborea was the foundation of the terrestrial principles of civilization. It was there where we can trace back the origin of our original culture, and it was there where the ‘ancient people’ originated from.

Spiritually elevated, it was a place where ordinary people could not live.

Dubbed by some authors as the original ‘Garden of Eden,’ Hyperborea was the place where the terrestrial and celestial planes intersected. It was there where they met.

Greek Mythology

“Of the fairest glories that mortals may attain, to him is given to sail to the furthest bound. Neither ship nor marching feet may find the wondrous way to the gatherings of the Hyperborean people.” Pindar, Pindar Pythian.

A lot of what we know about Hyperborea can be traced to ancient Greek literature and writing.

Greek authors have suggested that Hyperborea was the home place of Giants. Greek writers described the land as being located ‘beyond the north wind.’

It was a widespread belief among Greek writers on antiquity that Boreas, the God of the northern wind inhabited a place called Thrace.

And Hyperborea was described among them as a land found far to the north of Thrace, even beyond the northern wind.

But it may not have been a location after all.

As written by Pindar, a Greek poet:

…neither by ship nor on foot would you find the marvelous road to the assembly of  the Hyperboreans.

It was Pindar who also described the divine, otherworlds perfection of the Hyperborean people:

Never the Muse is absent from their ways: lyres clash and flutes cry and everywhere maiden choruses whirling. Neither disease nor bitter old age is mixed in their sacred blood; far from labor and battle, they live.

Perhaps unsurprisingly, we can find out a lot about Hyperborea if we turn to Greek historian Herodotus.

In his work ‘Histories,’ (Book IV, Chapters 32–36).

The Greek writer penned down three initial references that mentioned the Hyperboreans, including Hesiod and Homer, the latter purportedly having written about Hyperborea in his lost work Epigoni.

In addition to that, Herodotus wrote about 7th-century BC poet Aristeas, and his description of Hyperborea in a section of poems, which are now regrettably lost to history.

But many others wrote about the home of the gods.

Pausanias a Greek geographer writes: The land of the Hyperboreans, men living beyond the home of Boreas.

Homer argues that since Boreas was in Thrace, then Hyperborea must have been located further north of Thrace.

Hecataeus of Abdera in the 4th century BC identified Hyperborea as Britain:

“In the regions beyond the land of the Celts there lies in the ocean an island no smaller than Sicily. This island, the account continues, is situated in the north and is inhabited by the Hyperboreans, who are called by that name because their home is beyond the point whence the north wind (Boreas) blows; and the island is both fertile and productive of every crop, and has an unusually temperate climate…”

But Plutarch also wrote about Hyperborea and its location.

According to Plutarch, the mighty Hyperboreans were the Gauls, who attacked Rome in the Fourth century BC.