Located on the Sinai Peninsula, Saint Catherine's Monastery is home to the oldest continually operating library on the surface of the planet.
It is a library that not many people have heard about. Located on the Sinai Peninsula, Saint Catherine’s Monastery is home to the oldest continually operating library on the surface of the planet.
Saint Catherine’s Monastery, located on the Sinai Peninsula, at the mouth of a gorge at the foot of Mount Sinai, near the town of Saint Catherine, Egypt, is dubbed the “Sacred Monastery of the God-Trodden Mount Sinai.” Erected between 548 and 565, the site is one of the oldest working Christian monasteries in the world, as well as the world’s oldest continually operating library. Built by the order of Byzantine emperor Justinian I, the sacred monastery was constructed enclosing the chapel of the Burning Bush (also known as “Saint Helen’s Chapel“). This structure was ordered to be built by Empress Consort Helena, mother of Constantine the Great.
Treasure Trove of Ancient Texts
The site is sacred not only to Christianity but to Islam and Judaism. Its historical treasures can almost be compared to those of the Vatican’s library. The monastery’s library preserves the world’s second-largest collection of ancient codices and manuscripts. Amazingly, it is only outnumbered by the vast Vatican Library.
The Ashtiname of Muhammad, also known as the Covenant or Testament (Testamentum) of Muhammad (the Islamic Prophet), is a document which is a charter or writ ratified by the Islamic Prophet Muhammad granting protection and other privileges to the followers of Jesus the Nazarene, given to the Christian monks of Saint Catherine’s Monastery. It is sealed with an imprint representing Muhammad’s hand
According to experts, the library is home to different texts written in Greek, Georgian, Arabic, Coptic, Hebrew, Armenian, Aramaic, and Caucasian Albanian. It is believed that some of the manuscripts hidden within the monastery’s archives contain a collection of long-lost languages that have remained hidden from the world for centuries. Michael Phelps from the Early Manuscripts Electronic Library in California explained in an interview with the Times the importance of the monastery and its treasures. “I don’t know of any library in the world that parallels it. The monastery is an institution from the Roman Empire that continues operating according to its original mission.” But in addition to its fantastic amount of ancient texts, one of the monastery’s greatest treasures are its icons, some of which are thought to have been painted before the 8th century.
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